- The son of Jupiter and Maia and father of Cupid, Mercury is the messenger of the gods and protector of commerce whose attributes are the caduceus (a rod with two snakes coiled around it), the winged sandals, and the petasus (winged helmet). Hours after his birth, Mercury stole the bulls of Admetus that Apollo was guarding, a scene rendered by Claude Lorrain in his Landscape with Apollo Guarding the Herds of Admetus (1645; Rome, Galleria Doria-Pamphili). Apollo recovered the animals and Mercury gave him the lyre he had devised from a tortoise shell for which the sun god appointed him divine messenger. Mercury helped Jupiter rescue Io from Argus, the multi-eyed monster whom he lulled into a deep sleep by playing his pipes, the scene depicted by Peter Paul Rubens in his Argus and Mercury of 1635-1638 (Dresden, Alte Meister Gallerie). In Sandro Botticelli's Primavera (c. 1482; Florence, Uffizi), Mercury stirs the clouds with his caduceus, a fitting inclusion for a work commissioned by the Medici whose wealth relied on banking and commerce. Giovanni da Bologna's bronze statue of Mercury (1580; Florence, Museo Nazionale del Bargello) balances on the mouth of Zephirus, the west wind, to denote that he is in flight, while on the Farnese ceiling by Annibale Carracci (c. 1597-1600; Rome, Palazzo Farnese), the classicized Mercury floats in midair and hands the apple of Hesperides to Paris so he may judge the contest between Minerva, Juno, and Venus.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
mercury(II) — mercury(II) … English syllables
Mercury 10 — Mercury Logo Das Mercury Programm war das erste bemannte Raumfahrtprogramm der Vereinigten Staaten. Es dauerte von 1958 bis 1963 und hatte zum Ziel, einen Menschen im Orbit um die Erde zu fliegen. Die Frühphase wurde von der National Advisory… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mercury — bezeichnet in der Technik: Mercury Programm, erstes bemanntes Raumfahrtprogramm der USA (1958–1963) Bristol Mercury, Flugzeugtriebwerk Baureihe der Firma Bristol Aircraft Company Celebrity Mercury, Kreuzfahrtschiff der Reederei Celebrity Cruises… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mercury — Mer cu*ry, n. [L. Mercurius; akin to merx wares.] 1. (Rom. Myth.) A Latin god of commerce and gain; treated by the poets as identical with the Greek Hermes, messenger of the gods, conductor of souls to the lower world, and god of eloquence. [1913 … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Mercury 7 — may refer to: The Mercury Seven, first class of US astronauts, seven, selected for Project Mercury, Astronaut Group 1 Mercury Atlas 7 mission from Project Mercury Aurora 7 Mercury capsule used by Scott Carpenter on Mercury Atlas 7 This… … Wikipedia
Mercury 1 — could refer to: Mercury Redstone 1, a sub orbital test of the Redstone rocket and Mercury spacecraft, which failed about a second after launch Mercury Redstone 1A, a sub orbital test of the Redstone rocket and Mercury spacecraft Mercury Atlas 1,… … Wikipedia
Mercury 4 — could refer to: Mercury Redstone 4, a manned sub orbital spaceflight made by astronaut Gus Grissom. Mercury Atlas 4, an unmanned orbital test flight of the Atlas rocket and Mercury spacecraft. The Mercury 4, an American surf rock band. Mercury4,… … Wikipedia
Mercury — Mercury: Mercury (автомобильная марка) марка автомобилей Ford Motor Company, занимавшая нишу между дешёвыми автомобилями марки Ford и дорогими машинами марки Lincoln. Mercury (язык программирования) язык логического программирования,… … Википедия
Mercury — the Roman god Mercury, mid 12c., from L. Mercurius Mercury, originally a god of tradesmen and thieves, from merx merchandise (see MARKET (Cf. market) (n.)); or perhaps [Klein, Tucker] from Etruscan and influenced by merx. Later he was associated… … Etymology dictionary
MERCURY — (Mercurius; in talmudic literature מֶרְקוּלִיס, Merkulis), Roman god of merchants and wayfarers, identical with the Greek god Hermes. The rabbis of the Talmud discussed Mercury more than any other pagan deity and apparently considered him almost… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mercury 3 — could refer to: Mercury Redstone 3, The first American manned (sub orbital) spaceflight, made by astronaut Alan Shepard. Mercury Atlas 3, an unmanned test flight of the Atlas rocket and Mercury spacecraft. This disambiguation page lists articles… … Wikipedia